Taxon: Secale strictum (C. Presl) C. Presl

Genus: Secale
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 317593
Place of publication: Fl. sicul. 46. 1826
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-Sep-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Apr-1997
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 40 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rye (based on its evolution and affinities to cultivated Secale cereale fide J Heredity 93:344. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of wheat (based on simple or complex hybrids with Triticum by embryo rescue fide Euphytica 32:19, 20. 1983)

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya, Morocco

    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (s. & Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain (s.e.)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Chikmawati, T. et al. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among Secale species revealed by amplified fragment length polymorphisms (Genome) 48:792-801.
  3. Cuadrado, A. & N. Jouve 2002. Evolutionary trends of different repetitive DNA sequences during speciation in the genus Secale J. Heredity 93:339-345.
  4. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  5. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  6. Frederiksen, S. & G. Petersen 1998. A taxonomic revision of Secale L. (Triticeae, Poaceae) Nordic J. Bot. 18:399-420.
  7. Hammer, K. et al. 1987. Vorarbeiten zur monographischen Darstellung von Wildpflanzensortimenten: Secale L. (Kulturpflanze) 35:140.
  8. Khush, G. S. & G. L. Stebbins 1961. Cytogenetic and evolutionary studies in Secale. I. Some new data on the ancestry of S. cereale Amer. J. Bot. 48:723-730.
  9. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  10. Ren, T. H. et al. 2011. Evolutionary trends of microsatellites during the speciation process and phylogenetic relationships within the genus Secale (Genome) 54:316-326.
  11. Schlegel, R. H. J. Rye: Genetics, breeding, and cultivation. CRC Press. 2003 (Rye Genet Breed Cult)
  12. Sharma, H. C. & B. S. Gill 1983. Current status of wide hybridization in wheat (Euphytica) 32:17-31.
  13. Stutz, H. C. 1972. On the origin of cultivated rye Amer. J. Bot. 59:59-70.
  14. Stutz, H. C. 1957. A cytogenetic analysis of the hybrid Secale cereale L. × Secale montanum Guss. and its progeny (Genetics) 42:199-221.
  15. Tang, Z. X. et al. 2011. Chapter 8. Secale (Wild Crop Rel Cer) 367, 368, 370, 372.

Check other web resources for Secale strictum (C. Presl) C. Presl :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 21 May 2018.