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Taxon: Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. var. divaricata (Ledeb.) L. H. Bailey

Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 318137
Place of publication: Cycl. Amer. hort. 3:1447. 1901
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35699096
Name Verified on: 15-Oct-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 89 (28 active, 16 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (as Prunus divaricata)

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]


    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece


  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya. Note: = Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. Note: this study found identical DNA sequences for this taxon as Prunus divaricata and P. cerasifera
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Prunus divaricata Ledeb.
  4. Gunes, M. 2003. Some local plum varieties grown in Tokat Province. Pakistan J. Appl. Sci. 3:291-295.
  5. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Prunus divaricata Ledeb.
  6. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  7. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  8. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  9. Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences. Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45. Note: this study obtained a "robust phylogeny" for the subgenus and section Prunus; Prunus divaricata was resolved in a group that included P. cerasifera and P. ursina, all of which obtained support for their recognition at the species level; the P. cerasifera group also had a sister relation to the hexaploids (P. domestica and P. insititia), and therefore this result was interpreted as evidence for supporting P. cerasifera "and its allies" as potential ancestors of P. domestica
  10. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Prunus divaricata Ledeb.
  11. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  12. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.
  13. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: = Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.
  14. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  15. Wöhrmann, T. et al. 2011. Genetic variability in wild populations of Prunus divaricata Ledeb. in northern Iran revealed by EST-SSR and genomic SSR marker analysis. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:1157-1167. Note: as Prunus divaricata Ledeb., and commenting on its recognition at the subspecies level for wild forms
  16. Zhang, W. et al. 2004. Prunus divaricata development in Yili of Xinjiang. Chin. Wild Pl. Resources

Check other web resources for Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. var. divaricata (Ledeb.) L. H. Bailey :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=318137. Accessed 23 August 2019.