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Taxon: Morinda citrifolia L.

 
Genus: Morinda
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Morindeae
Nomen number: 318237
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:176. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons., Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.1 & App. IV) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 27-Feb-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Indochina, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland, Western Australia (n.e.), Northern Territory (n.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Solomon Islands

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (s.)]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, United States [Guam, Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Bermuda, West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Suriname, Venezuela


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2012. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 64. Taxon 61:1112. Note: proposal recommended
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1962. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). 6:423-424.
  5. Craib, W. G. & A. F. G. Kerr, eds. 1925-1962. Florae siamensis enumeratio.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Morinda-noni.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Morinda+citrifolia&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  12. Johansson, J. T. 1994. The genus Morinda (Morindeae, Rubioideae, Rubiaceae) in New Caledonia: taxonomy and phylogeny. Opera Bot. 122:44.
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  14. Lemmens, R. H. M. J. & N. Wulijarni-Soetjipto, eds. 1991. Dye and tannin-producing plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 3:94-96.
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  17. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  18. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Razafimandimbison, S. G. & B. Bremer. 2011. Nomenclatural changes and taxonomic notes in the tribe Morindae (Rubiaceae). Adansonia sér. 3, 33:308.
  21. Razafimandimbison, S. G. et al. 2011. (2015) Proposal to conserve the name Morinda citrifolia (Rubiaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 60:607.
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Singh, A. K. et al. 2011. Revisiting the origin of the domestication of noni (Morinda citrifolia L.). Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 9:549-556.
  24. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  25. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:379.
  26. Wilson, K. L. 2016. Report of the General Committee: 13. Taxon 65:381. Note: proposal recommended

Check other web resources for Morinda citrifolia L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=318237. Accessed 23 July 2019.