Taxon: Ribes nigrum L.

Genus: Ribes
Subgenus: Ribes
Section: Botrycarpum
Family: Grossulariaceae
Nomen number: 31845
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:201. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 17-Feb-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 227 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • black currant  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • cassis  (Source: Herbs Commerce) - French
  • cassissier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • gadellier noir  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • groseillier noir  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Ahlbeere  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • schwarze Johannisbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • ribes nero  (Source: HerbSpices) - Italian
  • kuro-fusa-suguri  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • kuro-suguri  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • groselheira-preta  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • groselheira-negra  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • casis  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • grosellero negro  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • svarta vinbär  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • hei cha biao zi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (white pine blister rust fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm.)
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black currant (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 179. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of gooseberry (based on crosses with members of subg. Grossularia producing all sterile hybrids fide Pl Breed Rev 29:152. 2007)
  • Materials: essential oils (for perfumes fide Flower Oils)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia [Eastern Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia (n.w.)

    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Germany, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Italy


    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido, Honshu]

    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang, Nei Monggol, Xinjiang]

    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy, Slovenia

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin]


  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. American Herbal Products Association Herbs of commerce. 1992 (Herbs Commerce)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  16. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  17. Hjamarsson, I. & B. Wallace 2007. Gooseberry and currant in Sweden: history and cultivar development Pl. Breed. Rev. 29:145-175.
  18. Hummer, K. E. & A. Dale 2010. Horticulture of Ribes Forest Pathol. 40:251-263.
  19. Hummer, K. E. & D. L. Barney 2002. Currants HortTechnol. 12:377-387.
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  21. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  24. Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. (Flower Oils)
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ribes nigrum L. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 24 April 2018.