Taxon: Ricinus communis L.

 
Genus: Ricinus
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
Tribe: Acalypheae
Subtribe: Ricininae
Nomen number: 31896
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1007. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 14-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1043 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (also for protective coatings of tablets)
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol ()
  • Invertebrate food: silkworms ()
  • Materials: beads (as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_65.html,)
  • Materials: lipids (as lubricant or component of industrial products)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. throughout tropics & subtropics)

    Other (probable origin Africa)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  6. Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr)
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  12. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  15. Johnson, J. M.-F. et al. 2007. Biomass-bioenergy crops in the United States: A changing paradigm Amer. J. Pl. Sci. Biotechnol. 1:8.
  16. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  17. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  19. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  20. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  21. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  22. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:125.
  26. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  27. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. (F Hassan)
  32. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  33. Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. (Names Soukup) 292.
  34. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  35. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  36. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats (Pl Res SEAs) 14:115-120.
  37. Wang, M. L. et al. 2016. Genetic diversity and population structure of castor (Ricinus communis L.) germplasm within the U.S. collection assessed with EST-SSR markers (Genome) 60:193-200.
  38. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  39. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:237.
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ricinus communis L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=31896. Accessed 23 April 2018.