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Taxon: Brassica napus L. subsp. rapifera Metzg.

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 319659
Place of publication: Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19:262. 1928
Link to protologue:
  • • [or Brassica napus Rutabaga Group]
  • • derived from B. oleracea × B. napus
  • • this name has priority over subsp. napobrassica at subspecies rank
  • • also cited as published in Syst. Beschr. Kohlart. 46. 1833
Name Verified on: 09-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 38 (29 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • rutabaga  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • swede  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Swedish turnip  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • chou-navet  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • navet de Suède  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Kohlrübe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Steckrübe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Wruke  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • navone  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • rutabaga  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • suwhēden-kabu  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • nabo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • colinabo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • nabo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • man jing gan lan  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (for cattle and sheep)
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock) mammals (to livestock) mammals (to livestock)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult., especially in temperate regions)


  1. Bus, A. et al. 2011. Patterns of molecular variation in a species-wide germplasm set of Brassica napus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 123:1413-1423.
  2. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen Note: lists as Brassica napus subsp. rapifera (Metzg.) Sinskaya
  4. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). Note: = Brassica napus
  5. Everest, S. L. 1981. Poisonous plants of Australia.
  6. Hammer, K. et al. 2013. The wild and the grown - remarks on Brassica. Int. J. AgriSci. 3:453-480. Note: grown mainly as root vegetable
  7. Hanelt, P. & K. Hammer. 1987. Einige infraspezifische Umkombinationen und Neubeschreibungen bei Kultursippen von Brassica L. und Papaver L.. Feddes Repert. 98:554. Note: = Brassica napus subsp. napobrassica (L.) Hanelt
  8. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: = Brassica napus subsp. napobrassica (L.) Hanelt
  9. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 4(2):463. Note: = Brassica napus var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.
  10. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  11. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. Note: lists as Brassica napus var. rapifera Metzg.; = B. napus var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.
  12. Prakash, S. & K. Hinata. 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review. Opera Bot. 55:16. Note: lists as Brassica napus subsp. rapifera (Metzg.) Sinskaya
  13. Ramsay, L. D. et al. 2001. The inheritance of quantitative traits in Brassica napus ssp. rapifera (swedes): Augmented triple test cross analyses of production characters. Euphytica 121:65-72. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  14. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: mentions
  15. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258. Note: lists in database as Brassica napus subsp. rapifera "Metzg. ex Sinskaya"
  16. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: lists as Brassica napus var. rapifera Metzg.; = B. napus var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.
  17. 1922. Gentes Herbarum 1:81.

Check other web resources for Brassica napus L. subsp. rapifera Metzg. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=319659. Accessed 14 July 2020.