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Taxon: Brassica napus L. subsp. rapifera Metzg.

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 319659
Place of publication: Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19:262. 1928
Link to protologue:
  • • [or B. napus Rutabaga Group]
  • • derived from B. oleracea × B. napus
  • • this name has priority over subsp. napobrassica at subspecies rank
  • • also cited as published in Syst. Beschr. Kohlart. 46. 1833
Name Verified on: 09-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Apr-2018
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 38 (29 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • rutabaga  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • swede  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Swedish turnip  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • chou-navet  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • navet de Suède  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Kohlrübe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Steckrübe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Wruke  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • navone  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • rutabaga  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • suwhēden-kabu  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • nabo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • colinabo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • nabo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • man jing gan lan  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (for cattle and sheep)
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock); mammals (to livestock); mammals (to livestock)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult., especially in temperate regions)


  1. 1922. Gentes herbarum; occasional papers on the kinds of plants. Ithaca, NY. (Gentes Herbarum) 1:81.
  2. Bus, A. et al. 2011. Patterns of molecular variation in a species-wide germplasm set of Brassica napus Theor. Appl. Genet. 123:1413-1423.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen (Zander Ency)
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  6. Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. (Everist)
  7. Hammer, K. et al. 2013. The wild and the grown - remarks on Brassica Int. J. AgriSci. 3:453-480.
  8. Hanelt, P. & K. Hammer 1987. Einige infraspezifische Umkombinationen und Neubeschreibungen bei Kultursippen von Brassica L. und Papaver L. Feddes Repert. 98:554.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa (IllF MEur) 4(2):463.
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  12. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  13. Prakash, S. & K. Hinata 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review Opera Bot. 55:16.
  14. Ramsay, L. D. et al. 2001. The inheritance of quantitative traits in Brassica napus ssp. rapifera (swedes): Augmented triple test cross analyses of production characters (Euphytica) 121:65-72.
  15. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  16. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  17. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Brassica napus L. subsp. rapifera Metzg. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=319659. Accessed 19 June 2019.