Taxon: Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy Shaw

Genus: Vernicia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Crotonoideae
      Tribe: Aleuritideae
        Subtribe: Aleuritinae
Nomen number: 320180
Place of publication: Kew Bull. 20:394. 1966
Name Verified on: 06-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Jan-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: lipids (source of tung oil with several applications fide Bot J Linn Soc 94:314. 1987, as Aleurites fordii)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as Aleurites fordii; Lampe & McCann, as A. fordii; Econ Pl Aust, as Aleurites fordii)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Vietnam

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland
  • Northern America

    • : United States

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi
    • Southern Africa: South Africa; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Malaysia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay


  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:350.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Nogueira, J. B. & R. D. Machado Glosario de plantas oleaginosas e ceriferas. II. Euforbiaceas. 1957 (L Pl OleaCer)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radcliffe-Smith, A. 1973. Typification of Vernicia fordii (Euphorbiaceae) Kew Bull. 28:296.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Schultes, R. E. 1987. Members of Euphorbiaceae in primitive and advanced societies Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:80.
  • Stuppy, W. et al. 1999. Revision of the genera Aleurites, Reutealis and Vernicia (Euphorbiaceae) (Blumea) 44:91-92.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats (Pl Res SEAs) 14:142-146.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy Shaw :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.