Taxon: Andropogon gayanus Kunth

 
Genus: Andropogon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
        Subtribe: Andropogoninae
Nomen number: 3213
Place of publication: Enum. pl. 491. 1833
Name Verified on: 02-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Aug-1995
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Materials: cane (for thatching & matting fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Zaire

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil

  • Cultivated:

  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Veracruz
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Northern South America: Venezuela

References:

  • Almeida-Neto, M. et al. 2010. Invasive grasses and native Asteraceae in the Brazilian cerrado Pl. Ecol. 209:109-122.
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Bowden, B. N. 1964. Studies on Andropogon gayanus Kunth: III. An outline of its biology J. Ecol. 52:255-271.
  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Dogra, K. S. et al. 2010. Alien plant invasion and their impact on indigenous species diversity at global scale: A review J. Ecol. Nat. Environm. 2:175-186.
  • Esqueda-Esquivel, V. A. et al. 2010. El control de arvenses en la productividad y calidad el pasto llanero Agron. Mesoamer. 21:145-157.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foxcroft, L. C. et al. 2010. Alien plant invasions in tropical and sub-tropical savannas: patterns, processes and prospects Biol. Invas. 12:3913-3933.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Gómez, Y. & J. Paolini 2011. Variación en la actividad microbiana por cambio de uso en suelos en sabanas, Llanos Orientales, Venezuela Revista Biol. Trop. 59:1-15.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • National Herbarium of New South Wales Flora of New South Wales. 1961-1984 (F NSW)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:44.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

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