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Taxon: Salvadora persica L.

 
Genus: Salvadora
Family: Salvadoraceae
Nomen number: 32819
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:122. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Mar-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for camels)
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: source of chlorhexidine gluconate (for mouthwash fide Herbs Commerce ed2; F Pak; F Palest)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Israel, Jordan, Syria

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka (n.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Alsharhan, A. S. et al., eds. Desertification in the Third Millennium. Proceedings of an International Conference, Dubai, 12-15 February 2000. 2003 (Desert Third Millen)
  4. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  5. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. (F Cameroun)
  6. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  7. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  8. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 3:1673.
  14. Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India. 1872-1897 (F BritInd)
  15. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  17. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  18. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  19. Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. (Ill L Qatar)
  20. Ozenda, P. Flore du Sahara, ed. 2. 1977 (F Sahara)
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  24. Rao, T. A. & S. Chakraborti 1996. Salvadoraceae (Fasc F India) 22:5-10.
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  26. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  27. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  28. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Salvadora persica L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32819. Accessed 14 December 2018.