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Taxon: Salvadora persica L.

 
Genus: Salvadora
Family: Salvadoraceae
Nomen number: 32819
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:122. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for camels)
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: source of chlorhexidine gluconate (for mouthwash fide Herbs Commerce ed2; F Pak; F Palest)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Israel, Jordan, Syria

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka (n.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Alsharhan, A. S. et al., eds. 2003. Desertification in the Third Millennium. Proceedings of an International Conference, Dubai, 12-15 February 2000
  3. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62
  4. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1963-. Flore du Cameroun.
  5. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  6. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  7. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Salvadora+persica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 3:1673.
  13. Hooker, J. D. 1872-1897. Flora of British India
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  17. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  18. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  19. Ozenda, P. 1977. Flore du Sahara, ed. 2
  20. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  23. Rao, T. A. & S. Chakraborti. 1996. Salvadoraceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 22:5-10.
  24. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  25. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  26. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  27. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  28. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Salvadora persica L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32819. Accessed 22 August 2019.