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Taxon: Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.

Genus: Samanea
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Ingeae
Nomen number: 32979
Place of publication: J. Washington Acad. Sci. 6:47. 1916
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 20 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry; ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Fuels:
  • Invertebrate food:
  • Materials: wood; wood

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama [Bocas del Toro, Coclé, Panamá]

    Cultivated (also cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in tropics)

    Other (exact native range in neotropics obscure)


  1. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1981. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  2. Barneby, R. C. & J. W. Grimes. 1996. Silk tree, guanacaste, monkey's earring: a generic system for the synandrous Mimosaceae of the Americas. Part I. Abarema, Albizia, and allies. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74(1):119-121.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Rhizophora-IWP.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  5. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 11:224-227.
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Samanea+saman&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  8. Isely, D. 1973. Leguminosae of the United States: I. Subfamily Mimosoideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(1):115. Note: = Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.
  9. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia Note: mentions
  10. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  11. Little, E. L., Jr. et al. 1964-1974. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Note: = Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.
  12. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist Note: = Albizia saman (Jacq.) F. Muell.
  13. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  14. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: = Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.
  15. Nasir, S. M. & M. Athar. 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source. Phytologia 85:106.
  16. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  17. Nielsen, I. C. 1981. Tribe 5. Ingeae Benth.. Advances in legume systematics. 1:180. Note: places Samanea in synonymy under Albizia Durazz.
  18. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova. Note: = Albizia saman (Jacq.) F. Muell.
  19. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1985. Flora of Thailand.
  20. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala. Note: = Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.
  21. Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  22. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32979. Accessed 14 August 2020.