Taxon: Sida rhombifolia L.

 
Genus: Sida
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Malveae
Nomen number: 33900
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:684. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358705
Name Verified on: 15-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Jan-2018
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: fiber (cultivated in India fide Weeds Rice Indonesia)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Healing Pl India)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Other


    Native

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea ; Ethiopia ; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola ; Malawi ; Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Lesotho ; South Africa Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana ; Guinea ; Liberia ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Equatorial Guinea ; Rwanda ; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar ; Mauritius ; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • China: China Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Egypt Sinai
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Kansas, Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States New Jersey, Pennsylvania
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja California, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tabasco, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda ; Bahamas ; Barbados ; Cuba ; Dominican Republic ; Guadeloupe ; Haiti ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Netherlands Antilles ; Puerto Rico ; St. Kitts and Nevis ; St. Lucia ; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Paraguay ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, Northern Territory
    • New Zealand: New Zealand North Island
  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam ; Marshall Islands ; Micronesia ; Northern Mariana Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

  • Adventive

  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:193-199.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. 1965-1970 (F BuenAir)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 2008 (Pl Angol)
  • Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh Flora of Victoria. 1993- (F Victoria)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. 1979-1982 (L Micrones)
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1985. Sidus sidarum: 5. The North and Central American species of Sida (Sida) 11:88.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25:403-405.
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jardín Botánico Nacional Flora de la República de Cuba. 1998- (F Cuba)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Nelson, C. H. N. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Honduras. 2008 (L Honduras)
  • Parham, J. W. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed. 1972 (F Fiji) 173.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Robyns, W. et al., eds. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. 1948-63 (F CongoRB)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Sivarajan, V. V. & A. K. Pradeep 1994. Taxonomy of the Sida rhombifolia (Malvaceae) complex in India (Sida) 16:71.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Soerjani, M. et al., eds. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. 1987 (Weeds Rice Indonesia)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Troupin, G. Flore du Rwanda. 1978- (F Rwanda)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Sida rhombifolia L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image