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Taxon: Sida rhombifolia L.

 
Genus: Sida
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Malveae
Nomen number: 33900
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:684. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358705
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: fiber (cultivated in India)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, South Africa [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North-West]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt [Sinai]
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Ciudad de México, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Adventive

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canarias]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, Northern Territory]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand [North Island]

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, United States [Guam, Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
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  27. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  28. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
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  36. Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936-. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
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Check other web resources for Sida rhombifolia L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=33900. Accessed 13 August 2020.