Taxon: Sida spinosa L.

 
Genus: Sida
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Malveae
Nomen number: 33903
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:683. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • prickly sida  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • prickly-mallow  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • spiny sida  (Source: Econ Pl Aust) - English
  • guanchuma  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • guaxima  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • relógio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vassourinha-de-relógio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • popotalagua  (Source: F NGalicia) - Spanish
  • quesillo  (Source: F NGalicia) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, [Bioko] Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, North West]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia]

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Grenada, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Parana, Rio Grande do Sul]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Pichincha] Peru [Amazonas, Apurimac, Cajamarca, Cuzco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Moquegua, San Martin]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Cordoba, Mendoza, Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, Federal District] Chile, Paraguay, [Cordillera, Guaira, Alto Paraguay, Presidente Hayes] Uruguay [Canelones, Montevideo]


    Adventive

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Lithuania, Moldova

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Nauru, New Caledonia, Tonga


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  2. Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:191-192.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  7. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Fryxell, P. A. 1985. Sidus sidarum: 5. The North and Central American species of Sida (Sida) 11:75-76.
  10. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  12. Ghazanfar, S. A. Flora of Oman. 2003- (F Oman)
  13. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  14. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  17. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  18. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  21. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  22. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  24. Kress, W. J. et al. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45. 2003 (L Myanmar)
  25. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  26. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  27. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  30. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. (F Bajio)
  31. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  32. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  33. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  34. Yatskievych, G. Missouri Botanical Garden research: flora of Missouri (on-line resource). (F Missouri Online)
  35. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Sida spinosa L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=33903. Accessed 25 April 2018.