Taxon: Sida spinosa L.

 
Genus: Sida
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Malvoideae
      Tribe: Malveae
Nomen number: 33903
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:683. 1753
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • prickly sida  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • prickly-mallow  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • spiny sida  (Source: Econ Pl Aust) - English
  • guanchuma  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • guaxima  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • relógio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vassourinha-de-relógio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • popotalagua  (Source: F NGalicia) - Spanish
  • quesillo  (Source: F NGalicia) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Free State, - Gauteng, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Mpumalanga, - North West
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Congo; Equatorial Guinea - Bioko; Zaire
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Parana, - Rio Grande do Sul
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Grenada; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Mendoza, - Buenos Aires, - Catamarca, - Chaco, - Corrientes, - Entre Rios, - Formosa, - Jujuy, - La Rioja, - Misiones, - Federal District; Chile; Paraguay - Cordillera, - Guaira, - Alto Paraguay, - Presidente Hayes; Uruguay - Canelones, - Montevideo
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands, - Guayas, - Imbabura, - Loja, - Pichincha; Peru - Amazonas, - Apurimac, - Cajamarca, - Cuzco, - Huancavelica, - Huanuco, - Ica, - La Libertad, - Lambayeque, - Lima, - Moquegua, - San Martin

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Lithuania; Moldova
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Nauru; New Caledonia; Tonga

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:191-192.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1985. Sidus sidarum: 5. The North and Central American species of Sida (Sida) 11:75-76.
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. Flora of Oman. 2003- (F Oman)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Kress, W. J. et al. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45. 2003 (L Myanmar)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. 1991- (F Bajio)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. 2011 (F S Mid Atl US)
  • Yatskievych, G. Missouri Botanical Garden research: flora of Missouri (on-line resource). (F Missouri Online)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

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