Taxon: Sinapis arvensis L.

 
Genus: Sinapis
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 33965
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:668. 1753
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 02-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 42 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 133. 1997)
  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for rape (fide Theor Appl Genet 120:1089. 2010, based on the development of a fertility restoration line)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in rape (fide Theor Appl Genet 101:1008. 2000, for disease resistance)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard (fide Guide Germ Brassica, citing four successful hybridization studies involving Brassica nigra)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (fide Euphytica 158:217. 2007, citing successful hybridization crosses with Brassica carinata)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (fide Euphytica 158:217, 218. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica oleracea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica juncea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (fide Euphytica 158:217, 218. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Raphanus sativus, and one record of spontaneous hybridization)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Euphytica 158:215, 218. 2007, citing successful hybridizations studies involving male sterile Brassica napus as female parent, additionally spontaneous hybrids have been recorded)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica rapa)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kingsbury, as Brassica kaber; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Can Poison Pl, as S. arvensis)
  • Weed: (fide Warwick et al., Can J Pl Sci 80:939-961. 2000)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
    • Eastern Canada: St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Buenos Aires, - Entre Rios, - Rio Negro, - Tierra del Fuego; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay

References:

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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
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  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape (Euphytica) 158:209-230.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape (Euphytica) 158:209-230.
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  • Snowdon, R. J. et al. 2000. Development and characterisation of Brassica napus-Sinapis arvensis addition lines exhibiting resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans Theor. Appl. Genet. 101:1008-1014.
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  • Wei, W. et al. 2010. Development of a novel Sinapis arvensis disomic addition line in Brassica napus containing the restorer gene for Nsa CMS and improved resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and pod shattering Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:1089-1097.
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