Taxon: Angelica archangelica L.

 
Genus: Angelica
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
  Subfamily: Apioideae
      Tribe: Selineae
Nomen number: 3415
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:250. 1753
Name Verified on: 14-Jul-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Jan-1996
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Human food: beverage base (as herbal tea & liqueur; safe fide Der Marderosian)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide M. G. Pimenov, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide M. G. Pimenov, pers. comm. 1996; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Tyumen
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Slovakia
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Serbia

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Finland; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • : North America

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. 1993- (F Baltic)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Pimenov, M. G. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

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