Taxon: Annona cherimola Mill.

Genus: Annona
Family: Annonaceae
Nomen number: 3479
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Annona no. 5. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Book)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of cherimoya (based on the potential use of wild types in breeding Annona cherimola fide Acta Hort 738:460. 2007)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of atemoya (fide Front Pl Sci 6: Art. 589, page 6. 2015)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of atemoya (based on artificial crosses to atemoya fide Acta Hort 575:324. 2000)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Ecuador Loja; Peru

  • Other

  • Southern America

    • Central America: Central America

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Israel
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • South America
    • Central America: Central America


  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Escribano, P. et al. 2008. Development of 52 new polymorphic SSR markers from cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): transferability to related taxa and selection of a reduced set for DNA fingerprinting and diversity studies Molec. Ecol. Resources 8:317-321.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. 1979-1982 (L Micrones)
  • George, A. P. et al. 2000. Breeding new varieties of atemoya (Annona spp. hybrids) Acta Hort. 575:323-328.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Jalikop, S. H. 2010. Tree and fruit traits of progenies from the cross between (Annona cherimola Mill. × A. squamosa L.) × A. reticulata L. and approaches for the introgression of valuable genes from A. reticulata (Euphytica) 173:161-171.
  • Killeen, T. J. et al. Guia de arboles de Bolivia. 1993 (Trees Bolivia)
  • Larranaga, N. & J. I. Hormaza 2015. DNA barcoding of perennial fruit tree species of agronomic interest in the genus Annona (Annonaceae) Front. Plant Sci. 6: Art. 589.
  • Larranaga, N. et al. 2017. A Mesoamerican origin of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): Implications for the conservation of plant genetic resources Molec. Ecol. 1-15.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
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  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nakasone, H. Y. & R. E. Paull Chapter 6. Annonas: Cherimoya, atemoya and sweetsop (Trop Fruits) 123-152.
  • Narváez-Trujillo, A. et al. 2007. Tracing the genetic base of cherimoya (Annona cherimola) commercial cultivars through AFLP analysis of diversity at the species' putative center of origin Acta Hort. 738:459-465.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pino, J. A. Chapter 14. Annona fruits (Handb Fruit Veg Fl) 231-246.
  • Pinto, A. C. de Q. & S. R. M. de Andrade 2005. Chapter 9. Genetic improvement (Annona Species) 53-69.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
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  • van Zonneveld, M. et al. 2012. Mapping genetic diversity of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): Application of spatial analysis for conservation and use of plant genetic resources (PloS One) 7(1): e29845. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029845
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:71.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Annona cherimola Mill. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image