Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Annona cherimola Mill.

Genus: Annona
Family: Annonaceae
Nomen number: 3479
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Annona no. 5. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 178 (4 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:


    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel
    • CHINA: China (s.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • Mexico

    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • South America


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, [Loja (Andes)] Peru (Andes)


    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America (probably place of origin)


  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. Escribano, P. et al. 2008. Development of 52 new polymorphic SSR markers from cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): transferability to related taxa and selection of a reduced set for DNA fingerprinting and diversity studies. Molec. Ecol. Resources 8:317-321. Note: Formerly Molecular Ecology Notes
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Annona+cherimola&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979-1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  8. George, A. P. et al. 2000. Breeding new varieties of atemoya (Annona spp. hybrids). Acta Hort. 575:323-328.
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  12. Jalikop, S. H. 2010. Tree and fruit traits of progenies from the cross between (Annona cherimola Mill. × A. squamosa L.) × A. reticulata L. and approaches for the introgression of valuable genes from A. reticulata. Euphytica 173:161-171. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  13. Killeen, T. J. et al. 1993. Guia de arboles de Bolivia Note: lists as "cherimolia"
  14. Larranaga, N. & J. I. Hormaza. 2015. DNA barcoding of perennial fruit tree species of agronomic interest in the genus Annona (Annonaceae). Front. Plant Sci. 6: Art. 589. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00589
  15. Larranaga, N. et al. 2017. A Mesoamerican origin of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): Implications for the conservation of plant genetic resources. Molec. Ecol. 1-15. DOI: 10.1111/mec.14157
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  17. Little, E. L., Jr. et al. 1964-1974. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
  18. Maas, P. J. M. et al. 1994. Studies in Annonaceae. XXI. Index to species and infraspecific taxa of neotropical Annonaceae. Candollea 49:397.
  19. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  20. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  23. Nakasone, H. Y. & R. E. Paull. 2011. Chapter 6. Annonas: Cherimoya, atemoya and sweetsop. Tropical fruits, ed. 2 CAB International, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 123-152.
  24. Narváez-Trujillo, A. et al. 2007. Tracing the genetic base of cherimoya (Annona cherimola) commercial cultivars through AFLP analysis of diversity at the species' putative center of origin. Acta Hort. 738:459-465.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Pino, J. A. 2010. Chapter 14. Annona fruits. Handbook of fruit and vegetable flavors 231-246.
  27. Pinto, A. C. de Q. & S. R. M. de Andrade. 2005. Chapter 9. Genetic improvement. Annona species International Centre for Underutilised Crops, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom. 53-69.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Spichiger, R., ed. 1985-. Flora del Paraguay. Note: lists as "cherimolia"
  31. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  32. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  33. van Zonneveld, M. et al. 2012. Mapping genetic diversity of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): Application of spatial analysis for conservation and use of plant genetic resources. PLoS One 7(1):e29845. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029845
  34. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:71.
  35. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: lists as "cherimolia"

Check other web resources for Annona cherimola Mill. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3479. Accessed 14 August 2020.