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Taxon: Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench

 
Genus: Sorghum
Section: Sorghum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Sorghinae
Nomen number: 35092
Place of publication: Methodus 207. 1794
Link to protologue:
Comment: for weedy sorghums see S. bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 758 (745 active, 498 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • great millet  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • Rhodesian Sudan grass  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • sorghum  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • sorghum   (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • sorgho commun  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa


    Cultivated (cult. throughout tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • North America

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • South America


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Sorghum_bicolor_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 48-49.
  6. de Wet, J. M. J. 1978. Systematics and evolution of Sorghum sect. Sorghum (Gramineae). Amer. J. Bot. 65:479.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. El Bassam, N. 1998. Energy plant species. 18-49.
  9. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Sorghum+bicolor&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 10:130-136.
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  14. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  15. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:131.
  18. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  21. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  22. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:123.
  23. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: mentions
  24. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  25. Wiersema, J. H. & J. Dahlberg. 2007. The nomenclature of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench (Gramineae). Taxon 56:941-946.
  26. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  28. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  29. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=35092. Accessed 8 December 2019.