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Taxon: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

 
Genus: Sorghum
Section: Sorghum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Sorghinae
Nomen number: 35119
Place of publication: Syn. pl. 1:101. 1805
Link to protologue:
Comment: Johnsongrass is a product of introgression with S. bicolor
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 148 (72 active, 53 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Libya

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.), Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan


    Naturalized (natzd. in warm-temperate regions, incl. North America)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  4. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 49.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. de Wet, J. M. J. 1978. Systematics and evolution of Sorghum sect. Sorghum (Gramineae). Amer. J. Bot. 65:478.
  9. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  10. Dillon, S. L. et al. 2004. Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 25 Sorghum species. Pl. Syst. Evol. 149:233-246.
  11. Dillon, S. L. et al. 2007. Sorghum resolved as a distinct genus based on combined ITS1, ndhF and Adh1 analyses. Pl. Syst. Evol. 268:29-43.
  12. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  13. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Sorghum+halepense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  16. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  18. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  19. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  21. Lazarides, M. et al. 1991. Taxonomy, cytology, and ecology of indigenous Australian sorghums (Sorghum Moench: Andropogoneae: Poaceae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 4:603.
  22. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  25. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  26. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  27. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Price, H. J. et al. 2005. Genome evolution in the genus Sorghum. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 95:219-227.
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Rollins, R. C. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz. 1986. Weeds of south-west Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 89B:297.
  33. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  34. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  37. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/johnsongrass.shtml target='_blank'
  38. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/sorghum-halepense/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  40. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  41. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47
  42. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=35119. Accessed 24 October 2019.