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Taxon: Spinacia oleracea L.

 
Genus: Spinacia
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Anserineae
Nomen number: 35256
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1027. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/359048
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Sep-2018
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 620 (400 active, 340 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

    Other (probable origin s.w. Asia)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Andersen, S. V. & A. M. Torp 2011. Chapter 13. Spinacia (Wild Crop Rel Veg) 273-276.
  4. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  5. Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  11. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  12. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Hegi, G. et al. 1960. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 3:662.
  15. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:372.
  16. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  17. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). (F Chiangsu)
  18. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:131.
  24. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:266.
  28. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  29. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  30. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  31. Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  32. Treuren van, R. et al. 2012. Genetic resources collections of leafy vegetables (lettuce, spinach, chicory, artichoke, asparagus, lamb's lettuce, rhubarb and rocket salad): composition and gaps Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:981-997.
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Uotila, P. 1997. Chenopodiaceae (F Iran) 172:62-63.
  35. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  36. Xu, C. et al. 2017. Draft genome of spinach and transcriptome diversity of 120 Spinacia accessions Nat. Commun. 8:15275.
  37. Xu, C. et al. 2015. De novo and comparative transcriptome analysis of cultivated and wild spinach Sci. Rep. 5:17706.

Check other web resources for Spinacia oleracea L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=35256. Accessed 18 November 2018.