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Taxon: Spinacia oleracea L.

 
Genus: Spinacia
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Anserineae
Nomen number: 35256
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1027. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/359048
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 620 (400 active, 308 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

    Other (probable origin s.w. Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Andersen, S. V. & A. M. Torp. 2011. Chapter 13. Spinacia. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, vegetables 273-276.
  3. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  4. Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  10. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Spinacia+oleracea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Hegi, G. et al. 1960. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 3:662. Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  14. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:372.
  15. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  16. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977-1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  17. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:131.
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  25. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  26. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:266.
  27. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  28. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  29. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  30. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  31. Treuren van, R. et al. 2012. Genetic resources collections of leafy vegetables (lettuce, spinach, chicory, artichoke, asparagus, lamb's lettuce, rhubarb and rocket salad): composition and gaps. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:981-997.
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  33. Uotila, P. 1997. Chenopodiaceae. Flora iranica. 172:62-63.
  34. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  35. Xu, C. et al. 2015. De novo and comparative transcriptome analysis of cultivated and wild spinach. Sci. Rep. 5:17706. URL: www.nature.com/srep/
  36. Xu, C. et al. 2017. Draft genome of spinach and transcriptome diversity of 120 Spinacia accessions. Nat. Commun. 8:15275.
  37. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Spinacia oleracea L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=35256. Accessed 19 September 2019.