Taxon: Stylosanthes humilis Kunth

Genus: Stylosanthes
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Dalbergieae
Nomen number: 35881
Place of publication: F. W. H. A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. gen. sp. 6:395[folio]; 6:506[quarto], t. 594. 1824
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Aug-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Aug-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Townsville stylo  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Townsville-lucerne  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • wild lucerne  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • luzerne de Townsville  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Townsvilleluzerne  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • alfafinha-do-nordeste  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-de-orelha  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alfalfa estilosante  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Trop Leg)
  • Animal food: forage (grazing fide Leg WorldEc)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui
    • Caribbean: Cuba
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Guarico, Monagas, Portuguesa, Zulia
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia

  • Naturalized

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia

  • Cultivated


  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Calles, T. & R. Schultze-Kraft 2010. Stylosanthes (Leguminosae, Dalbergieae) of Venezuela (Willdenowia) 40:315-317.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Costa, L. C. da et al. 2008. Estudo taxonômico de Stylosanthes (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae–Dalbergieae) em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Rodriguésia 59:563-564.
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Lewis, G. P. & P. E. Owen Legumes of the Ilha de Maraca. 1989 (Leg Maraca)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. 1963. Further considerations in Stylosanthes (Leguminosae) (Rhodora) 65:258.
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. 1962. Tribe Hedysareae, Subtribe Stylosanthinae (Leguminosae) of Central America and Mexico SouthW. Naturalist 7:35.
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • Sousa Costa, N. M. & M. B. Ferreira 1984. Some Brazilian species of Stylosanthes (Biol Stylo) 34.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  • 't Mannetje, L. 1984. Considerations on the taxonomy of the genus Stylosanthes (Biol Stylo) 7.
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:216.
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. (Leg New Guinea)
  • Williams, R. J. et al. 1984. Natural distribution of Stylosanthes (Biol Stylo) 85.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)


Check other web resources for Stylosanthes humilis Kunth :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image