Taxon: Swietenia macrophylla King

Genus: Swietenia
Family: Meliaceae
Nomen number: 35955
Place of publication: Hooker's Icon. Pl. 16: t. 1550. 1886
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Oct-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: (populations of the neotropics)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Lamb & Lawrence 1993)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Materials: wood (fide F Neotrop 28:400. 1981; F Ceylon; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil Acre, Para
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica Guanacaste; Guatemala Chimaltenango, Izabal, Peten; Honduras Colon, Olancho; Nicaragua Zelaya; Panama Darien, Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Venezuela Aragua, Barinas, Zulia
    • Western South America: Bolivia La Paz, Santa Cruz; Colombia Bolivar; Peru Huanuco, Loreto, San Martin

  • Naturalized

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Singapore
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii

  • Cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Gullison, R. E. et al. 2000. 'Marketing' species conservation (Nature) 404:923-924.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Lamb, D. & P. Lawrence 1993. Mixed species plantation using high value rainforest trees in Australia (Restor Trop Forest) 102.
  • Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. 1996 (Plantation Trees)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mors, W. T. & C. T. Rizzini Useful plants of Brazil. 1966 (Use Pl Brazil)
  • Mors, W. T. & C. T. Rizzini 1966. Useful plants of Brazil. 1966 (Use Pl Brazil) 127.
  • Pennington, T. D. 1981. Meliaceae Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 28:395.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Soerianegara, I. & R. H. M. J. Lemmens, eds. 1993. Timber trees: major commercial timbers (Pl Res SEAs) 5(1):447.
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)


Check other web resources for Swietenia macrophylla King :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image