Taxon: Symphonia globulifera L. f.

Genus: Symphonia
Family: Clusiaceae (alt.Guttiferae)
Nomen number: 36005
Place of publication: Suppl. pl. 302. 1782 ("1781")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-May-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-May-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • boarwood  (Source: F Jam) - English
  • anani  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • guanandi  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • oanani  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pitá-de-lagoa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • uanani  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ojoru  (Source: F VenGuay) - Spanish (Venezuela)
  • peramán  (Source: F VenGuay) - Spanish (Venezuela)
  • maconaträd  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: wood (timber fide Ency WTimber)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Uganda
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire ; Ghana ; Liberia ; Nigeria ; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Gabon ; Sao Tome and Principe ; Zaire
  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Tabasco, Veracruz
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Dominica ; Guadeloupe ; Hispaniola ; Jamaica ; St. Lucia ; Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia ; Ecuador


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Eyma, P. J. 1932. The Polygonaceae, Guttiferae, and Lecythidaceae of Surinam 170.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). 1967- (F Afr Centr)
  • Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)

Check other web resources for Symphonia globulifera L. f. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.