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Taxon: Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

 
Genus: Syzygium
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Syzygieae
Nomen number: 36128
Place of publication: Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 248:25. 1912
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Sep-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 15 (7 active, 7 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: fruit; fruit; fruit
  • Materials: wood
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galápagos]
    • South America (tropical)


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1981. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 2:443-444.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Syzygium+cumini&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  10. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  11. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  12. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:460.
  13. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  14. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  21. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  22. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:294.
  23. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  24. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36128. Accessed 19 July 2019.