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Taxon: Tamarindus indica L.

 
Genus: Tamarindus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Detarioideae
Nomen number: 36219
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:34. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-Jan-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 58 (18 active, 13 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Food additives: flavoring; flavoring
  • Fuels: charcoal
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. 2005. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  4. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1963-. Flore du Cameroun.
  5. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Tamarind. Lost crops of Africa. 3:149-163.
  6. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  8. Du Puy, D. 1997. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. Bot. Mag. 14:235-237.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Tamarindus+indica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):181.
  16. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  17. León, B. 1995. pers. comm. Note: re. Portuguese (Brazil) common names
  18. León, B. 2009. pers. comm. Note: re. Spanish common names
  19. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 484.
  20. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist
  21. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  22. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  26. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  31. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  32. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_68.html target='_blank'
  33. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  34. Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  35. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:298.
  36. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  37. Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu. 1995. The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia

Check other web resources for Tamarindus indica L. :

  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36219. Accessed 5 December 2019.