Taxon: Tamarindus indica L.

 
Genus: Tamarindus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Detarioideae
Nomen number: 36219
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:34. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 29-Jan-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn; Food Feed Crops US; Bot Mag 14:235-237. 1997)
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Bot Mag 14:233. 1997)
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Fuels: charcoal (fide Trop Leg; Plant Trees)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_68.html,)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2005 (L Cabo Verde)
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  4. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. (F Cameroun)
  5. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Tamarind (Lost Crops Afr) 3:149-163.
  6. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  8. Du Puy, D. 1997. The Leguminosae of Madagascar Bot. Mag. 14:235-237.
  9. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):181.
  16. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  17. León, B. 1995. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  18. León, B. 2009. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  19. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 484.
  20. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  21. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  22. Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. (Plantation Trees)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  26. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  27. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  31. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  32. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  33. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  34. Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. (Leg New Guinea)
  35. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:298.
  36. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  37. Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia. 1995 (PrEcFr)

Check other web resources for Tamarindus indica L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36219. Accessed 20 May 2018.