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Taxon: Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.

 
Genus: Terminalia
Family: Combretaceae
Subfamily: Combretoideae
Tribe: Combreteae
Subtribe: Terminaliinae
Nomen number: 36329
Place of publication: Pl. Coromandel 2:54, t. 198. 1805 ("1798") "bellerica"
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-Oct-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 12 (3 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Invertebrate food:
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Pl Res SEAs 5(2):481. 1995) wood (timber)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Bhutan; F Males; F CambLVN; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng (s.)]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • Africa


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  3. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  4. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature Note: = Terminalia belerica
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 10:164-167.
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca. in note.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Terminalia+bellirica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gangopadhyay, M. & T. Chakrabarty. 1997. The family Combretaceae of Indian Subcontinent. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21:338.
  13. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  14. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  15. Hara, H. 1966-1975. Flora of eastern Himalaya Note: v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975
  16. Hooker, J. D. 1872-1897. Flora of British India
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  18. Lemmens, R. H. M. J. et al., eds. 1995. Timber trees: minor commercial timbers. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 5(2):480.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  26. Srivastav, P. K. et al. 1996. Conservation of Terminalia genetic resources: the principal source of non wood forest products in India. Forest Genet. Resources 24:55.
  27. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  28. Staten, S. 2006. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  29. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  30. Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. 1977-. Flora yunnanica.
  31. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36329. Accessed 24 August 2019.