Taxon: Terminalia catappa L.

 
Genus: Terminalia
Family: Combretaceae
  Subfamily: Combretoideae
      Tribe: Combreteae
        Subtribe: Terminaliinae
Nomen number: 36334
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 12, 2:674. 1767
Name Verified on: 07-Jun-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Handb Nuts; F Males)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Handb Nuts; F Males)
  • Human food: fruit (seeds fide F Males)
  • Human food: seeds (fide Handb Nuts)
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Invertebrate food: silkworms (fide Forest Gen Res 24:55. 1996)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide Handb Nuts)
  • Materials: lipids (fide Handb Nuts)
  • Materials: wood (fide Handb Nuts; F Males)
  • Materials: wrapping (leaves used as wrapping paper fide Handb Nuts)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Guangdong, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland, - Northern Territory
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Vanuatu

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. in tropics

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. 1971- (F Senegal)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. Conspectus florae angolensis. 1937- (F Angol)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 1948-1976 (Wealth India RM) 10:168-171.
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gangopadhyay, M. & T. Chakrabarty 1997. The family Combretaceae of Indian Subcontinent J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21:343.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). 2000 (ICBN St Louis) 362.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). 1967- (F Afr Centr)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lemmens, R. H. M. J. et al., eds. 1995. Timber trees: minor commercial timbers (Pl Res SEAs) 5(2):482.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. 1932- (F Suriname)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Srivastav, P. K. et al. 1996. Conservation of Terminalia genetic resources: the principal source of non wood forest products in India Forest Genet. Resources 24:55.
  • Standley, P. C. Flora of Costa Rica. 1937-1939 (F CRStand)
  • Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. 1920 (TreesS Mex)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Staten, S. 2006. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Terminalia catappa L. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images: