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Taxon: Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa

 
Genus: Thespesia
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 36526
Place of publication: Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9:290. 1807
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • bendytree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • corktree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Indian tuliptree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • milo  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Pacific rosewood  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Polynesian rosewood  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • porlia-tree  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • portia-tree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • seaside mahoe  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Seychelles rosewood  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • tuliptree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • umbrella-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • arbre ombrelle  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • bois de rose d'Océanie  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • kalfata  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • motel debou  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • porché  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • Küsten-Tropeneibisch  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • bela-sombra  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • pau-rosa  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • tespésia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mtakawa  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • tong mian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Human food:
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (obtained from flowers & fruits) wood
  • Medicines:
  • Social:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong Sheng, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (coasts), Maldives, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory (n.), Queensland (n.), Western Australia (n.)]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Quintana Roo, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Vanuatu

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Falcon]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  3. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  4. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  5. Dale, I. R. & P. J. Greenway. 1961. Kenya trees & shrubs.
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  7. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Thespesia-milo.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  11. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 11:251-252.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Thespesia+populnea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe 86.
  14. Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25:441-443.
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  16. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  17. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  18. Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936-. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  19. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  21. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  22. Jardín Botánico Nacional. 1998-. Flora de la República de Cuba
  23. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  26. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  27. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  28. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  29. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar. 1988. Malvaceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 19:225-226.
  30. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  31. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  32. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  33. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  34. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  35. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  36. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  38. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  39. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36526. Accessed 22 October 2019.