Taxon: Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa

 
Genus: Thespesia
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 36526
Place of publication: Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9:290. 1807
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Feb-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • bendytree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • corktree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Indian tuliptree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • milo  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Pacific rosewood  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Polynesian rosewood  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • porlia-tree  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • portia-tree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • seaside mahoe  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Seychelles rosewood  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • tuliptree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • umbrella-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • arbre ombrelle  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • bois de rose d'Océanie  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • kalfata  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • motel debou  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • porché  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • Küsten-Tropeneibisch  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • bela-sombra  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • pau-rosa  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • tespésia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mtakawa  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • tong mian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:251-252. 1997)
  • Materials: fiber (for caulking & rope fide Pl Res SEAs 11:251-252. 1997)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (obtained from flowers & fruits fide Plantation Trees)
  • Materials: wood (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:251-252. 1997)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:251-252. 1997)
  • Social: religious/secular (considered a sacred tree in some Pacific regions fide Pl Res SEAs 11:251. 1997)
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong, Hainan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (coasts), Maldives, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland (n.), Western Australia (n.), Northern Territory (n.)]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Vanuatu

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Falcon]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  4. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  6. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  7. Dale, I. R. & P. J. Greenway Kenya trees & shrubs. (TreesS Kenya)
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  12. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  13. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:251-252.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25:441-443.
  16. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe. 1979 (Nat Hist Cotton) 86.
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  18. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  19. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  20. Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. (F Madag)
  21. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  23. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  24. Jardín Botánico Nacional Flora de la República de Cuba. 1998- (F Cuba)
  25. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  28. Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. (Plantation Trees)
  29. Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  30. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  31. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar 1988. Malvaceae (Fasc F India) 19:225-226.
  32. Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
  33. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  34. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  35. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  36. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  37. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  38. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36526. Accessed 25 April 2018.