Taxon: Tilia platyphyllos Scop.

Genus: Tilia
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Tilioideae
Nomen number: 36695
Place of publication: Fl. carniol. ed. 2, 1:373. 1771, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
  • • conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
  • • an illegitimate, superfluous name (Melbourne ICN Art. 52) when published
Name Verified on: 17-Sep-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Krussmann)
  • Gene sources: ornamental features (fide Krussmann)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czechoslovakia ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1999. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 48 (Taxon) 48:368.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pigott, C. D. 1997. (1295-1296) Two proposals to maintain the names Tilia cordata and Tilia platyphyllos (Tiliaceae) in their current use (Taxon) 46:351-352.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Tilia platyphyllos Scop. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Tilia platyphyllos cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.