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Taxon: Tragus racemosus (L.) All.

 
Genus: Tragus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Traginae
Nomen number: 36823
Place of publication: Fl. pedem. 2:241. 1785
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Feb-2001
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • European bur grass  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • large carrot-seed grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • spike bur grass  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • stalked bur grass  (Source: Grass Tex) - English
  • piprensargräs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Central African Republic
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Mauritania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.w.), Turkmenistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Thailand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Kalmykia, Volgograd] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Jamaica
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  5. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres (L Cabo Verde)
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  7. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  9. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  10. Columbus, J. T. et al. 2007. Phylogenetics of Chloridoideae (Gramineae): a preliminary study based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL-F sequences (Aliso) 23:565-579.
  11. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  12. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  14. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  15. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58 (Grass SAfr)
  16. Gould, F. W. The grasses of Texas (Grass Tex)
  17. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  18. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds (Atlas WWeed)
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  20. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres (L Canarias)
  21. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  22. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  23. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia (Grass SEAs)
  24. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  25. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  26. Peterson, P. M. et al. 2001. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 41:221.
  27. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  29. Reeder, J. R. & C. Reeder 1978. Tragus racemous in Arizona Madroño 25:107-108.
  30. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region (F LowVolga) 1:124-125.
  31. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  32. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:296.
  33. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  34. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  35. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR (Grass USSR)
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  37. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47 (L Grass Argent)

Check other web resources for Tragus racemosus (L.) All. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36823. Accessed 17 June 2019.