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Taxon: Aquilegia vulgaris L.

 
Genus: Aquilegia
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Isopyroideae
Tribe: Isopyreae
Subtribe: Isopyrinae
Nomen number: 3767
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:533. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • capon's-feather  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • columbine  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • European columbine  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • European crowfoot  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • granny bonnets  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • granny's-bonnet  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • garden columbine   - English (Canada)
  • aiglantine  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • gants de Notre Dame  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • ancolie vulgaire   - French (Canada)
  • gemeine Akelei  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • akleja  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (w.)] Ukraine (w.)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1984. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 102-103.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Aquilegia+vulgaris&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Note: introduced
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Hess, H. E. et al. 1976. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2.
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  14. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  15. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  16. Keener, C. S. 1977. Studies in the Ranunculaceae of the southeastern United States: 6. Miscellaneous genera. Sida 7:6.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Munz, P. A. 1946. Aquilegia the cultivated and wild columbines. Gentes Herbarum 7:44.
  20. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  21. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. Note: introduced
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  24. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  25. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Aquilegia vulgaris L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3767. Accessed 21 September 2019.