Taxon: Aquilegia vulgaris L.

 
Genus: Aquilegia
Family: Ranunculaceae
  Subfamily: Isopyroideae
      Tribe: Isopyreae
        Subtribe: Isopyrinae
Nomen number: 3767
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:533. 1753
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Jun-2002
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F; Zander ed13)
  • Gene sources: ornamental features (fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. 1989- (F Iberica)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. 1984 (Cooper & Johnson)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hess, H. E. et al. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. 1976 (F Switz)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Keener, C. S. 1977. Studies in the Ranunculaceae of the southeastern United States: 6. Miscellaneous genera (Sida) 7:6.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Munz, P. A. 1946. Aquilegia the cultivated and wild columbines (Gentes Herbarum) 7:44.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Aquilegia vulgaris L. :

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image