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Taxon: Arachis hypogaea L.

 
Genus: Arachis
Section: Arachis
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Dalbergieae
Nomen number: 3785
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:741. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7952 (6991 active, 6613 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (vegetative residues & pressed seed-cake following oil extraction used)
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: pulse (fide Pl Res SEAs 1:35. 1989)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: birds; mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: United States [Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Society Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Niue

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Burow, M. D. et al. 2001. Transmission genetics of chromatin from a synthetic amphidiploid to cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.): broadening the gene pool of a monophyletic polyploid species. Genetics 159:823-837.
  3. Burow, M. D. et al. 2009. Molecular biogeographic study of recently described B- and A-genome Arachis species, also providing new insights into the origins of cultivated peanut. Genome 52:107-109.
  4. Butler, R. A. 2006. High oil prices fuel bioenergy push. Note: re. potential use as fuel substitute
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Arachis+hypogaea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Galgaro, L. et al. 1998. Genetic variation between several species of sections Extranervosae, Caulorrhizae, Heteranthae, and Triseminatae (genus Arachis) estimated by DNA polymorphism. Genome 41:445-454.
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Hermann, F. J. 1954. A synopsis of the genus Arachis. Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 19:13.
  14. Hilu, K. W. & H. T. Stalker. 1995. Genetic relationships between peanut and wild species of Arachis sect. Arachis (Fabaceae): evidence from RAPDs. Pl. Syst. Evol. 198:167-178.
  15. International Legume Database & Information Service. International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource).
  16. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  17. Johansen, E. L. & B. W. Smith. 1956. Arachis hypogaea X A. diogoi. Embryo and seed failure. Amer. J. Bot. 43:250-257.
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  19. Krapovickas, A. & V. A. Rigoni. 1960. La nomenclatura de las subespecies y variedades de Arachis hypogaea L.. Revista Invest. Agríc. 14:221-227.
  20. Krapovickas, A. & W. C. Gregory. 1994. Taxonomía del género Arachis (Leguminosae). Bonplandia 8:147-151.
  21. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  23. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  26. Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 1:35.
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:78
  30. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  32. Raina, S. N. et al. 2001. RAPD and ISSR fingerprints as useful genetic markers for analysis of genetic diversity, varietal identification, and phylogenetic relationships in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivars and wild species. Genome 44:763-772.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Resslar, P. M. 1980. A review of the nomenclature of the genus Arachis L.. Euphytica 29:815. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  35. Subramanian, V. et al. 2000. Identification of DNA polymorphism in cultivated groundnut using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay. Genome 43:656-660.
  36. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  38. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  40. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Arachis hypogaea L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3785. Accessed 22 July 2019.