Taxon: Arachis hypogaea L.

 
Genus: Arachis
Section: Arachis
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Dalbergieae
Nomen number: 3785
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:741. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 6988 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (fide Pl Res SEAs 1:35. 1989)
  • Human food: pulse (fide Pl Res SEAs 1:35. 1989)
  • Animal food: fodder (vegetative residues & pressed seed-cake following oil extraction used fide Pl Res SEAs 1:35. 1989)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide http://news.mongabay.com/2006/0509-biofuels.html,)
  • Materials: lipids (for industrial use, cosmetics fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: birds (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Northern Mariana Islands
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Society Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Niue

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Burow, M. D. et al. 2001. Transmission genetics of chromatin from a synthetic amphidiploid to cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.): broadening the gene pool of a monophyletic polyploid species (Genetics) 159:823-837.
  4. Burow, M. D. et al. 2009. Molecular biogeographic study of recently described B- and A-genome Arachis species, also providing new insights into the origins of cultivated peanut (Genome) 52:107-109.
  5. Butler, R. A. 2006. High oil prices fuel bioenergy push
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Galgaro, L. et al. 1998. Genetic variation between several species of sections Extranervosae, Caulorrhizae, Heteranthae, and Triseminatae (genus Arachis) estimated by DNA polymorphism (Genome) 41:445-454.
  12. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Hermann, F. J. 1954. A synopsis of the genus Arachis Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 19:13.
  15. Hilu, K. W. & H. T. Stalker 1995. Genetic relationships between peanut and wild species of Arachis sect. Arachis (Fabaceae): evidence from RAPDs Pl. Syst. Evol. 198:167-178.
  16. International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  17. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  18. Johansen, E. L. & B. W. Smith 1956. Arachis hypogaea X A. diogoi. Embryo and seed failure Amer. J. Bot. 43:250-257.
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  20. Krapovickas, A. & V. A. Rigoni 1960. La nomenclatura de las subespecies y variedades de Arachis hypogaea L. Revista Invest. Agríc. 14:221-227.
  21. Krapovickas, A. & W. C. Gregory 1994. Taxonomía del género Arachis (Leguminosae) (Bonplandia) 8:147-151.
  22. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  23. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  24. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  26. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  27. Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses (Pl Res SEAs) 1:35.
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:78
  31. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  33. Raina, S. N. et al. 2001. RAPD and ISSR fingerprints as useful genetic markers for analysis of genetic diversity, varietal identification, and phylogenetic relationships in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivars and wild species (Genome) 44:763-772.
  34. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  35. Resslar, P. M. 1980. A review of the nomenclature of the genus Arachis L. (Euphytica) 29:815.
  36. Subramanian, V. et al. 2000. Identification of DNA polymorphism in cultivated groundnut using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay (Genome) 43:656-660.
  37. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  38. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  39. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Arachis hypogaea L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3785. Accessed 21 April 2018.