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Taxon: Areca catechu L.

 
Genus: Areca
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Areceae
Subtribe: Arecinae
Nomen number: 3903
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1189. 1753 "cathecu"
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Apr-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Apr-2008
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 21 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Human food:
  • Materials: fiber; tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore (source of arecoline)
  • Social: religious/secular (offering and chewing nuts serve a religious function; flowers used in weddings, funerals, and other ceremonies); stimulant
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Philippines


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (s.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Vanuatu


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  4. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Furtado, C. X. 1960. The philological origin of Areca and Catechu (Principes) 4:26-31.
  11. Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield World checklist of palms. (L Palms)
  12. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  15. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  19. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:126.
  20. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  21. Parham, J. W. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed. 1972 (F Fiji)
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  25. Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  26. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  27. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  28. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  29. Uhl, N. W. & J. Dransfield Genera palmarum: a classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore, Jr. 1987 (Gen Palm)
  30. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:51.
  31. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Areca catechu L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3903. Accessed 14 November 2018.