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Taxon: Areca catechu L.

 
Genus: Areca
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Areceae
Subtribe: Arecinae
Nomen number: 3903
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1189. 1753 "cathecu"
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Apr-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 21 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Human food:
  • Materials: fiber; tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore (source of arecoline)
  • Social: religious/secular (offering and chewing nuts serve a religious function; flowers used in weddings, funerals, and other ceremonies) stimulant
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Philippines


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (s.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Vanuatu


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Areca-catechu-betel-nut.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Areca+catechu&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Furtado, C. X. 1960. The philological origin of Areca and Catechu. Principes 4:26-31.
  10. Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield. 2005. World checklist of palms.
  11. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants
  14. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:126.
  19. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  20. Parham, J. W. 1972. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  25. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  26. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_97.html target='_blank'
  27. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  28. Uhl, N. W. & J. Dransfield. 1987. Genera palmarum: a classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore, Jr.
  29. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 16:51.
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Areca catechu L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3903. Accessed 21 August 2019.