Taxon: Argemone mexicana L.

 
Genus: Argemone
Family: Papaveraceae
  Subfamily: Papaveroideae
      Tribe: Papavereae
Nomen number: 3959
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:508. 1753
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Nov-2001
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Bermuda thistle  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • Mexican prickly-poppy  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • Mexican thistle  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Mexican-poppy  (Source: F Jam) - English
  • prickly-poppy  (Source: CRC MedHerbs) - English
  • yellow thistle  (Source: F PuertoR) - English
  • yellow-flower Mexican-poppy  (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001) - English
  • geelblom-bloudissel  (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001) - Afrikaans
  • argémone du Mexique  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chardon béni  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • chardon du pays  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • pavot épineux  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • gemeiner Stachelmohn  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • Stachelmohn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • fico infernale  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • papavero del Messico  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • cardo-santo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • papoila-mexicana  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • papoula-de-espinho  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • papoula-do-México  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • adormidera espinosa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • amapolas del campo  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • cardo santo  (Source: F PuertoR) - Spanish
  • chicalote  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • gul taggvallmo  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ji ying su  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Poppies 73. 1993; Atlas WWeed; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea - Bioko
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Lebanon
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Kansas, - Missouri, - Nebraska
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Pennsylvania
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

    • :
  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Austria
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Greece
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • Grey-Wilson, C. Poppies: The poppy family in the wild and in cultivation. 1993 (Poppies) 73.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Ownbey, G. B. 1961. The genus Argemone in South America and Hawaii (Brittonia) 13:103.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert. 1964 (F SonorDes)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(2):82-85.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Argemone mexicana L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image