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Taxon: Argemone mexicana L.

 
Genus: Argemone
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Papaveroideae
Tribe: Papavereae
Nomen number: 3959
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:508. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Nov-2001
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Bermuda thistle  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • Mexican prickly-poppy  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • Mexican thistle  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • Mexican-poppy  (Source: F Jam) - English
  • prickly-poppy  (Source: CRC MedHerbs) - English
  • yellow thistle  (Source: F PuertoR) - English
  • yellow-flower Mexican-poppy  (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001) - English
  • geelblom-bloudissel  (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001) - Afrikaans
  • argémone du Mexique  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chardon béni  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • chardon du pays  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • pavot épineux  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • gemeiner Stachelmohn  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • Stachelmohn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • fico infernale  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • papavero del Messico  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • cardo-santo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • papoila-mexicana  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • papoula-de-espinho  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • papoula-do-México  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • adormidera espinosa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • amapolas del campo  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish
  • cardo santo  (Source: F PuertoR) - Spanish
  • chicalote  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • gul taggvallmo  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ji ying su  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Poppies 73. 1993); potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3632)]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CHINA: China

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Greece
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain


    Adventive

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea [Bioko]
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon
    • CHINA: China (s.e.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  3. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  6. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  11. Grey-Wilson, C. Poppies: The poppy family in the wild and in cultivation. 1993 (Poppies) 73.
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  15. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  16. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  17. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  20. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  21. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  22. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  25. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  26. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  28. Ownbey, G. B. 1961. The genus Argemone in South America and Hawaii (Brittonia) 13:103.
  29. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  30. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  31. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  32. Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert. (F SonorDes)
  33. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  34. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  35. Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(2):82-85.
  36. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  37. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Argemone mexicana L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3959. Accessed 18 October 2018.