Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Euphorbia hirta L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 400051
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:454. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 17-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as Chamaesyce hirta; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Chamaesyce hirta; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):268. 1999 as Chamaesyce hirta; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004 as Chamaesyce hirta)
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt [Sinai]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Lebanon, Syria
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (n.e.), Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand [North Island]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, United States [Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Kiribati [Gilbert Islands]


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  3. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1975. The Euphorbiaceae of Borneo. Kew Bull. add. ser., 4:111.
  4. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1980. The Euphorbiaceae of New Guinea. Kew Bull. add. ser., 8:85.
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  6. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography
  7. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  8. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  9. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  10. Catarino, L. et al. 2008. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa). Blumea 53:53.
  11. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  12. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  14. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  15. Florence, J. 1997-. Flore de la Polynésie française. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  16. Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979-1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  17. Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  18. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  19. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  20. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  21. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  22. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  23. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  24. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  25. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  26. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  27. Howard, R. 1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 5:25. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  28. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  29. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75 Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  30. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  31. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  32. Lebrun, J.-P. et al. 1989. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Republique de Djibouti.
  33. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  34. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  35. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  36. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  37. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. Note: = Euphorbia pilulifera L.
  38. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  39. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  40. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  41. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  42. Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 334.
  43. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  44. Robertson, S. A. 1989. Flowering plants of Seychelles
  45. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  46. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  47. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  48. Troupin, G. 1978-. Flore du Rwanda.
  49. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  50. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/euphorbiaceae/euphorbia-hirta/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  51. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  52. Weakley, A. S. 2007. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas. Note: = Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  53. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  54. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  55. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  56. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Euphorbia hirta L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400051. Accessed 22 October 2019.