Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Euphorbia hirta L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 400051
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:454. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 17-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Dec-2009
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as Chamaesyce hirta; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Chamaesyce hirta; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):268. 1999 as Chamaesyce hirta; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004 as Chamaesyce hirta)
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt [Sinai]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Lebanon, Syria
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Guizhou Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (n.e.), Queensland, Western Australia, Northern Territory]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand [North Island]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, United States [Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Kiribati [Gilbert Islands]


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica (F Jam)
  3. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1975. The Euphorbiaceae of Borneo Kew Bull. add. ser., 4:111.
  4. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1980. The Euphorbiaceae of New Guinea Kew Bull. add. ser., 8:85.
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  6. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography (Euphorb India)
  7. Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  8. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  9. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 (L Peru)
  10. Catarino, L. et al. 2008. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) (Blumea) 53:53.
  11. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  12. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  14. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. (Pl Angol)
  15. Florence, J. Flore de la Polynésie française. (F Polynes)
  16. Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (L Micrones)
  17. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. (L Guiana Shield)
  18. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  19. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2 (L Oman)
  20. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (L Euphorb)
  21. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  22. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  23. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  24. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  25. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia (F Ethiop)
  26. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  27. Howard, R. 1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt) 5:25.
  28. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  29. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75 (L Ecuador)
  30. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  31. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia (Econ Pl Aust)
  32. Lebrun, J.-P. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Republique de Djibouti. (L Djibouti)
  33. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba (F CubaLeon)
  34. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  35. Liogier, H. A. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  36. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  37. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  38. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  39. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  40. Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
  41. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  42. Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin) 334.
  43. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  44. Robertson, S. A. Flowering plants of Seychelles (L Seychelles)
  45. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  46. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  47. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  48. Troupin, G. Flore du Rwanda. (F Rwanda)
  49. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  50. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  51. Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i (F Hawaii)
  52. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas. (F Carol Virg Georg)
  53. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  54. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  55. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)
  56. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia hirta L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400051. Accessed 25 May 2019.