Taxon: Valeriana officinalis L.

 
Genus: Valeriana
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamily: Valerianoideae
Nomen number: 400139
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:31. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Valeriana officinalis auct. (= Valeriana fauriei Briq.)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Aug-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • common valerian  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • garden-heliotrope  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • valerian  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • valériane officinale  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • echter Arznei-Baldrian  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • läkevänderot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • xie cao  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • valeriana lekarstvennaâ  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Wealth India RM 10:427. 1976)
  • Medicines: source of valepotriates (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide NPB State Noxweed/CT)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kurile Islands (s.), Primorye, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China (n.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (incl. arctic region)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. Connecticut Invasive Plants Council 2009. Connecticut invasive plants list
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM) 10:426-427.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. (F InnMong)
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Jarvis, C. Order out of chaos: Linnean plant names and their types. 2007 (Linn PlNames)
  13. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  15. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. (F Baltic)
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  19. National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  20. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Valeriana officinalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400139. Accessed 25 April 2018.