Taxon: Valeriana officinalis L.

 
Genus: Valeriana
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamily: Valerianoideae
Nomen number: 400139
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:31. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Valeriana officinalis auct. (= Valeriana fauriei Briq.)
Name Verified on: 28-Aug-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • common valerian  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • garden-heliotrope  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • valerian  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • valériane officinale  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • echter Arznei-Baldrian  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • läkevänderot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • xie cao  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • valeriana lekarstvennaâ  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Wealth India RM 10:427. 1976)
  • Medicines: source of valepotriates (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide NPB State Noxweed/CT)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea ; Taiwan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Kurile Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czechoslovakia ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Iceland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized


References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Connecticut Invasive Plants Council 2009. Connecticut invasive plants list
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 1948-1976 (Wealth India RM) 10:426-427.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jarvis, C. Order out of chaos: Linnean plant names and their types. 2007 (Linn PlNames)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. 1993- (F Baltic)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Valeriana officinalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

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