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Taxon: Boerhavia diffusa L.

 
Genus: Boerhavia
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Tribe: Nyctagineae
Nomen number: 400189
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:3. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • red spiderling  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • spreading hogweed  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • tarvine  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • ipecacuanha de Cayenne  (Source: F Guianas) - French (French Guiana)
  • punarnava  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • agarra-pinto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • amarra-pinto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • celidônia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pega-pinto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • hierba de cabro  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • huang xi xin  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (included in "Livol" which promotes growth in calves fide Pashudhan 12(2):4. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Somalia, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan (s.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia, South Carolina]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, [Saba] St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  3. Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. 2005. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  4. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  5. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  6. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  7. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  8. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  9. Brummitt, R. K. 2000. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 49. Taxon 49:276-277. Note: conservation proposal recommended
  10. Burger, W. C., ed. 1971-. Flora costaricensis.
  11. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  12. El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah. 1980-. Flora of Egypt.
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  14. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  16. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978-. Flora de Veracruz.
  17. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  18. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  19. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  20. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  21. Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. 111.
  22. Howard, R. 1988. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 4:177. Note: rejects lectotypification by Fosberg (1978)
  23. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  24. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  25. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  26. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  27. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  28. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  30. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996-. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  31. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  32. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  35. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  36. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  37. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  38. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  39. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  40. Wheeler, G. E. 1997. Evaluation of livol as a feed ingredient for optimizing liver function and growth in veal calves. Indian J. Indig. Med. 10:27-30.
  41. Whitehouse, C. 1998. (1375) Proposal to conserve the name Boerhavia diffusa (Nyctaginaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 47:873-874.
  42. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  43. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  44. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  45. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Boerhavia diffusa L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400189. Accessed 17 July 2019.