Taxon: Iris ×germanica L. nothovar. florentina Dykes

Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Iris
Section: Iris
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 400251
Place of publication: Genus Iris 164. 1913
Link to protologue:
Comment: Dykes cites I. florentina Ker Gawl. (1803)
Name Verified on: 24-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2007
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • Florentine iris  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • orris  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • orris-root  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • iris de Florence  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • florentinische Schwertlilie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • iris-florentino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • lírio-branco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-florentino  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-germânico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-teutônico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lirio blanco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • lirio de Florencia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (in Bombay gin fide Sperling & Williams 1995)
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide F Eur)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as I. florentina; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)


  1. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  2. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  3. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  4. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  5. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  6. Mathew, B. The Iris. (Iris) 25-28.
  7. Mathew, B. F. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  9. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  10. Sperling, C. R. & D. E. Williams 1995. Horticultural crop germplasm: 500 years of exchange 47-60.
  11. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1980. Flora europaea. (F Eur) 5:91.
  12. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Iris ×germanica L. nothovar. florentina Dykes :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 24 May 2018.