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Taxon: Iris ×germanica L. var. florentina Dykes

Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Iris
Section: Iris
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 400251
Place of publication: Genus Iris 164. 1913
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50320876
Comment: Dykes cites Iris florentina Ker Gawl. (1803), non L. (1759), an illegitimate later homonym that is unavailable for use (Shenzhen ICN Art. 53)
Name Verified on: 07-Aug-2018 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Florentine iris  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • orris  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • orris-root  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • iris de Florence  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • florentinische Schwertlilie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • iris-florentino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • lírio-branco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-florentino  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-germânico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-teutônico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lirio blanco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • lirio de Florencia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)


  1. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs Note: = Iris florentina
  2. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  3. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  4. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: = Iris germanica var. florentina (L.) Dykes
  5. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants
  6. Martini, G. & D. Viciani. 2018. What happened to Linnaeus's Iris florentina? Re-evaluation of this taxon at species level. Taxon 67:395-400. DOI: 10.12705/672.8 Note: Linnaeus' taxon is different from the horticultural "Iris florentina"
  7. Mathew, B. F. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  8. Mathew, B. 1981. The Iris. 25-28.
  9. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  10. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  11. Sperling, C. R. & D. E. Williams. 1995. Horticultural crop germplasm: 500 years of exchange. 47-60.
  12. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1980. Flora europaea. 5:91.
  13. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: suggests to be regarded as cv.

Check other web resources for Iris ×germanica L. var. florentina Dykes :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400251. Accessed 10 August 2020.