Taxon: Iris ×germanica L. nothovar. florentina Dykes

Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Iris
Section: Iris
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 400251
Place of publication: Genus Iris 164. 1913
Link to protologue:
Comment: Dykes cites I. florentina Ker Gawl. (1803)
Name Verified on: 24-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2007
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Florentine iris  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • orris  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • orris-root  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • iris de Florence  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • florentinische Schwertlilie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • iris-florentino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • lírio-branco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-florentino  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-germânico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lírio-teutônico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lirio blanco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • lirio de Florencia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (in Bombay gin fide Sperling & Williams 1995)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide B. F. Mathew, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide F Eur)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as I. florentina; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)


  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Mathew, B. The Iris. (Iris) 25-28.
  • Mathew, B. F. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sperling, C. R. & D. E. Williams 1995. Horticultural crop germplasm: 500 years of exchange 47-60.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1980. Flora europaea. (F Eur) 5:91.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Iris ×germanica L. nothovar. florentina Dykes :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.