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Taxon: Allium ampeloprasum L. var. ampeloprasum

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Allium
Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 400394
Place of publication:
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or A. ampeloprasum Great-headed Garlic Group]
Name Verified on: 24-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • great-head garlic  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Levant garlic  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • wild leek  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • ail d'orient  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Ackerknoblauch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Sommerlauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: vegetable (only bulbs used)
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom (s.)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.)
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New York (Suffock Co.), Ohio, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


References:

  1. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:11.
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  3. Figliuolo, G. et al. 2001. Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L.. Euphytica 121:325-334. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  4. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  5. Kik, C. et al. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation and crossability of leek (Allium porrum) and its wild relatives from the Allium ampeloprasum complex. Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:465-471.
  6. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  7. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  8. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  9. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  10. Mathew, B. 1996. A review of Allium sect. Allium
  11. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  12. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  13. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  14. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  15. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Allium ampeloprasum L. var. ampeloprasum :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400394. Accessed 17 October 2019.