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Taxon: Trema orientalis (L.) Blume

 
Genus: Trema
Family: Cannabaceae
Nomen number: 40045
Place of publication: Mus. bot. 2:62. 1856
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50114264
Comment: although treated here as feminine, in accordance with botanical tradition (Shenzhen ICN Art. 62.1), the genus is of neuter gender according to NCU-3
Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as fodder
  • Fuels:
  • Materials: potential as fiber

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng (s.), Guizhou Sheng (s.w.), Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu (w.), Xizang Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory (n.), Queensland (e.)]

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa


References:

  1. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1963-. Flore du Cameroun.
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  3. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  4. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  7. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 11:252-255.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Trema+orientalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  12. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  15. Keay, R. W. J. 1989. Trees of Nigeria Note: including Trema guineensis
  16. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  17. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  18. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996-. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  19. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  20. Nicolson, D. H. et al. 1988. An interpretation of Van Rheede's Hortus Malabaricus. Regnum Veg. 119:258.
  21. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  22. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  23. Soepadmo, E. 1977. Flora malesiana. ser. 1, 8(2):51-53. URL: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28736722 target='_blank'
  24. Troupin, G. 1978-. Flore du Rwanda.
  25. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  26. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Trema orientalis (L.) Blume :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=40045. Accessed 22 October 2019.