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Taxon: Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. subsp. coracana

Genus: Eleusine
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Nomen number: 400471
Place of publication:
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or E. coracana Finger Millet Group]
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • African millet  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • caracan millet  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • finger millet  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • koracan  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • coracan  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • eleusine  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • mil rouge  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • raggee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Fingerhirse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • ragi  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • capim-colonial  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • luco  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • nachenim  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • coracán  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • dagussa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • mijo africano  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • mwimbi  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • ulezi  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • can  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (in India) forage
  • Human food: cereal
  • Materials: fiber (for paper making)

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan (w.), Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Jawa, Sumatera] Malaysia, Philippines

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Western Australia]


  1. Agrawal, R. et al. 2012. Chloroplast genes as genetic markers for inferring patterns of change, maternal ancestry and phylogenetic relationships among Eleusine species. AoB Pl. 6: plt056.
  2. de Wet, J. M. J. et al. 1984. Systematics and evolution of Eleusine coracana (Gramineae). Amer. J. Bot. 71:551.
  3. Dida, M. M. & K. M. Devos. 2006. Chapter 10. Finger millet. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 1:333-343.
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Eleusine+coracana+subsp.+coracana&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 10:90-95.
  7. Hilu, K. W. & J. M. J. de Wet. 1976. Domestication of Eleusine coracana. Econ. Bot. 30:199-208.
  8. Hilu, K. W. et al. 1979. Archaeobotanical studies of Eleusine coracana ssp. coracana (Finger millet). Amer. J. Bot. 66:330-333.
  9. Neves, S. S. 2011. Chapter 7. Eleusine. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, millets and grasses 113-133.
  10. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  11. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  12. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  13. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. subsp. coracana :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400471. Accessed 22 February 2020.