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Taxon: Angostura trifoliata (Willd.) T. S. Elias

Genus: Angostura
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Toddalioideae
Tribe: Cusparieae
Nomen number: 400537
Place of publication: Taxon 19:575. 1970
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 17-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (source of Angostura bitter, as as Cusparia trifoliata)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as Angostura trifoliata; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Angostura trifoliata)

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Bolivar, Amazonas, Anzoategui, Sucre, Delta Amacuro]


  1. Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 62. Taxon 60:232. Note: Committee recommends that Cusparia Humb. should be treated as not validly published
  2. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  3. Elias, T. S. 1970. The correct name for the genus Cusparia (Rutaceae). Taxon 19:573-575.
  4. Gereau, R. E. 1990. Achuaria, nuevo genero de Rutaceae, con una sinopsis de las Cuspariinae peruanas. Contribucion al estudio de la flora y de la vegetacion de la Amazonia peruana: 18. Candollea 45:368. Note: mentions
  5. Kallunki, J. A. & J. R. Pirani. 1998. Synopses of Angostura Roem. & Schult. and Conchocarpus J. C. Mikan (Rutaceae). Kew Bull. 53:265-266.
  6. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  7. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press

Check other web resources for Angostura trifoliata (Willd.) T. S. Elias :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400537. Accessed 13 August 2020.