Taxon: Urochloa brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) R. D. Webster

 
Genus: Urochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Melinidinae
Nomen number: 401367
Place of publication: Austral. Paniceae 233. 1987
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 06-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Jan-2006
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 22 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Darwiniana 31:71. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore (as Brachiaria brizantha)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (n. & e.)


    Cultivated

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Honduras
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  3. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  4. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  5. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Lara S., M. A. & C. G. S. Pedreira 2011. Estimativa da assimilação de carbono em dosséis de espécies de braquiária Pesq. Agropecu. Brasil. 46:743-750.
  7. Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga 1992. Revisión de las especies sudamericanas nativas e introducidas de los géneros Brachiaria y Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) (Darwiniana) 31:70.
  8. Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga 1993. Sinopsis del genero Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) para Mexico y America central (Darwiniana) 32:64.
  9. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  10. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  11. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  12. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:56-58.
  13. Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  15. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  16. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:630.

Check other web resources for Urochloa brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) R. D. Webster :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=401367. Accessed 24 May 2018.