Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Trifolium alexandrinum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 40161
Place of publication: Cent. pl. I:25. 1755 (Amoen. acad. 4:286. 1759)
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36017950
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Sep-2018
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 205 (128 active, 168 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (grazing)
  • Environmental: soil improver

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon


    Other (probable origin s.w. Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Badr, A. et al. 2008. Origin and ancestry of Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) as revealed by AFLP markers Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:21-31.
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  4. CIAT/FAO collaboration on tropical forages Grassland Species Profiles (on-line resource). (Grassland Species)
  5. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  6. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 12.
  12. Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  15. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  16. Kaushal, P. et al. 2005. Trifolium alexandrinum × T. resupinatum - interspecific hybrids developed through embryo rescue Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 83:137-144.
  17. Lamont, E.-J. et al. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.) (Pl Genet Res Leg Med) 79-98.
  18. Malaviya, D. R. et al. 2004. Development and characterization of interspecific hybrids of Trifolium alexandrinum × T. apertum using embryo rescue Pl. Breed. (New York) 123:536-542.
  19. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  22. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Putiyevski, E. & J. Katznelson 1973. Cytogenetic studies in Trifolium spp. related to berseem. I. Intra- and interspecific hybrid seed formation Theor. Appl. Genet. 43:351-358.
  25. Putiyevski, E. et al. 1975. Cytogenetic studies of Trifolium spp. related to berseem. IV. The relationships in the Alexandrinum and Vavilovi crossability groups, and the origin of the cultivated berseem Theor. Appl. Genet. 45:355-362.
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Roy, A. K. et al. 2004. Interspecific hybridization of Trifolium alexandrinum with T. constantinopolitanum using embryo rescue Pl. Cell Rep. 22:705-710.
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  30. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  31. Watson, L. E. et al. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Old World Trifolium (Fabaceae), based on plastid and nuclear markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 224:153-171.
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  33. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 479.
  34. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Trifolium alexandrinum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=40161. Accessed 15 November 2018.