Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Trifolium alexandrinum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 40161
Place of publication: Cent. pl. I:25. 1755 (Amoen. acad. 4:286. 1759)
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36017950
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 205 (128 active, 119 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (grazing)
  • Environmental: soil improver

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon


    Other (probable origin s.w. Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Badr, A. et al. 2008. Origin and ancestry of Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) as revealed by AFLP markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:21-31. Note: a widely extended forage crop, it is cultivated in northern Africa and Asia
  3. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  4. CIAT/FAO collaboration on tropical forages. Grassland Species Profiles (on-line resource).
  5. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  6. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Trifolium+alexandrinum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.). 2001. The world of clovers 12.
  12. Hacker, J. B. 1990. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Australia.
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  14. International Legume Database & Information Service. International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource).
  15. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  16. Kaushal, P. et al. 2005. Trifolium alexandrinum × T. resupinatum - interspecific hybrids developed through embryo rescue. Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 83:137-144.
  17. Lamont, E.-J. et al. 2001. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.). Plant genetic resources of legumes in the Mediterranean Springer, Berlin, Germany. 79-98.
  18. Malaviya, D. R. et al. 2004. Development and characterization of interspecific hybrids of Trifolium alexandrinum × T. apertum using embryo rescue. Pl. Breed. (New York) 123:536-542.
  19. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  21. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  22. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Putiyevski, E. & J. Katznelson. 1973. Cytogenetic studies in Trifolium spp. related to berseem. I. Intra- and interspecific hybrid seed formation. Theor. Appl. Genet. 43:351-358.
  25. Putiyevski, E. et al. 1975. Cytogenetic studies of Trifolium spp. related to berseem. IV. The relationships in the Alexandrinum and Vavilovi crossability groups, and the origin of the cultivated berseem. Theor. Appl. Genet. 45:355-362.
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Roy, A. K. et al. 2004. Interspecific hybridization of Trifolium alexandrinum with T. constantinopolitanum using embryo rescue. Pl. Cell Rep. 22:705-710.
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  30. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  31. Watson, L. E. et al. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Old World Trifolium (Fabaceae), based on plastid and nuclear markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 224:153-171.
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  33. Zohary, M. & D. Heller. 1984. The genus Trifolium 479.
  34. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Trifolium alexandrinum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=40161. Accessed 16 July 2019.