Taxon: Trifolium alexandrinum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 40161
Place of publication: Cent. pl. I:25. 1755 (Amoen. acad. 4:286. 1759)
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 127 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Animal food: forage (grazing)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon


    Other (probable origin s.w. Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  3. CIAT/FAO collaboration on tropical forages Grassland Species Profiles (on-line resource). (Grassland Species)
  4. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  5. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 12.
  11. Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  13. International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  14. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  15. Kaushal, P. et al. 2005. Trifolium alexandrinum × T. resupinatum - interspecific hybrids developed through embryo rescue Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 83:137-144.
  16. Lamont, E.-J. et al. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.) (Pl Genet Res Leg Med) 79-98.
  17. Malaviya, D. R. et al. 2004. Development and characterization of interspecific hybrids of Trifolium alexandrinum × T. apertum using embryo rescue Pl. Breed. (New York) 123:536-542.
  18. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  20. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  21. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  24. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  25. Roy, A. K. et al. 2004. Interspecific hybridization of Trifolium alexandrinum with T. constantinopolitanum using embryo rescue Pl. Cell Rep. 22:705-710.
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  27. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  28. Watson, L. E. et al. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Old World Trifolium (Fabaceae), based on plastid and nuclear markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 224:153-171.
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  30. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 479.
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Trifolium alexandrinum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=40161. Accessed 25 April 2018.