Taxon: Cyperus compressus L.

Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
Subfamily: Cyperoideae
Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 401630
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:46. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Kew Bull 56:287. 2001)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Kew Bull 56:287. 2001)
  • Materials: essential oils (for scent fide Kew Bull 56:287. 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Kew Bull 56:287. 2001)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Kew Bull 56:287. 2001)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia ; Somalia ; Yemen Socotra
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola ; Malawi ; Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Namibia ; South Africa ; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Burkina Faso ; Cote D'Ivoire ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Guinea-Bissau ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Equatorial Guinea ; Gabon
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros ; Madagascar ; Mauritius ; Reunion ; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: India Andaman and Nicobar; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas ; Cayman Islands ; Cuba ; Dominica ; Dominican Republic ; Haiti ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Puerto Rico ; St. Vincent and Grenadines ; Trinidad and Tobago ; Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Gorda; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Naturalized

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands ; Micronesia ; Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji ; Kiribati Gilbert Islands; Niue ; Samoa ; Tonga

  • Cultivated


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. 2007 (L Cyperaceae)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye Sedges and rushes of East Africa. 1983 (Sedge EAfr)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. (F NSWales)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Molina G., A. M. 2011. Review of Cyperaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 31 Mar.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rogers, G. & B. McClain 1998. The sedges (Cyperaceae) of Barbados (Rhodora) 100:391.
  • Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist Kew Bull. 56:287.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. (F SE Queensl)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:103.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)

Check other web resources for Cyperus compressus L. :