Taxon: Cyperus iria L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
Subfamily: Cyperoideae
Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 401631
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • grasshopper's cyperus  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • rice flat sedge  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • umbrella sedge  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • junça  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • junquinho  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • três-quinas  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):227. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria (n.), Senegal
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [Gauteng, Limpopo, North West] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China (throughout)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (throughout), Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia]

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, New York, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa, Sonora]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz]

    Pacific
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Society Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. (F Himachal)
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  7. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  12. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  13. Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. 2007 (L Cyperaceae)
  14. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  16. Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye Sedges and rushes of East Africa. 1983 (Sedge EAfr)
  17. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  18. Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. (F NSWales)
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  20. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  21. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  22. Holttum, R. E. et al. A revised flora of Malaya. (F Malaya)
  23. Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. (F SAust)
  24. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  25. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  26. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  27. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  28. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  29. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  30. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  31. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):227.
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  33. Rye, B. L. 1997. A synopsis of the annual species of Cyperaceae from central and southern Western Australia (Nuytsia) 11:407.
  34. Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist Kew Bull. 56:296.
  35. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  36. Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. (F SE Queensl)
  37. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  38. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  39. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  40. Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:91.
  41. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)

Check other web resources for Cyperus iria L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=401631. Accessed 19 April 2018.