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Taxon: Ocimum americanum L.

 
Genus: Ocimum
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Subtribe: Ociminae
Nomen number: 402305
Place of publication: Cent. pl. I:15. 1755 (Amoen. acad. 4:276. 1759)
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Jun-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 7 (7 active, 6 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed13)
  • Food additives:
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  3. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  6. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  7. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  8. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  9. Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  13. Paton, A. 1992. A synopsis of Ocimum L. (Labiatae) in Africa Kew Bull. 47:424.
  14. Paton, A. & E. Putievsky 1996. Taxonomic problems and cytotaxonomic relationships between and within varieties of Ocimum basilicum and related species (Labiatae) Kew Bull. 51:513.
  15. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  17. Ryding, O. 1994. Notes on the sweet basil and its wild relatives (Lamiaceae) Econ. Bot. 48:65.
  18. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:218-220.
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ocimum americanum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=402305. Accessed 21 November 2018.