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Taxon: Viola sororia Willd.

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 402751
Place of publication: Hort. berol. 1: t. 72. 1806
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Nov-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 29 (21 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territories]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. American Herbal Products Association. 1992. Herbs of commerce
  3. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 1999. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas.
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  5. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  6. Hinds, H. R. 2000. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2.
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  9. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  10. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. McKinney, L. A. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America. Sida, Bot. Misc. 7:34.
  17. McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67:378.
  18. McKinney, L. E. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America
  19. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  20. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Note: = Viola palmata var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard
  21. Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey. Sida 2:60.
  22. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  23. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  24. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  25. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Violaceae&GenusID=Viola&SpeciesID=sororia target='_blank'
  26. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida

Check other web resources for Viola sororia Willd. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola sororia cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=402751. Accessed 20 September 2019.