Taxon: Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. M. King & H. Rob.

 
Genus: Chromolaena
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Eupatorieae
Nomen number: 403697
Place of publication: Phytologia 20:204. 1970
Name Verified on: 02-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust; Atlas WWeed; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Queretaro, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Hainan, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • : Africa
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Vietnam

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas. 1992 (L Guianas)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:95-98.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Henderson, M. et al. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413. 1987 (Weeds SAfr)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Jara, A. & M. Vilà 2010. Risk analysis of potential invasive plants in Spain J. Nat. Conservation 18:34-44.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • King, R. M. & H. Robinson 1987. The genera of the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22. 1987 (Gen Eupat) 22:385, 387.
  • Lasser, T., ed. Flora de Venezuela. 1964- (F Venez)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Turner, B. L. 1997. The comps of Mexico: a systematic account of the family Asteraceae. Volume 1: Eupatoreae Phytologia Mem. 11:129.
  • Turner, B. L. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Turner, I. M. A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bull. Singapore vol. 47. 1995 (L Malaya)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. M. King & H. Rob. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image