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Taxon: Cicuta virosa L.

 
Genus: Cicuta
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Oenantheae
Nomen number: 404335
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:255. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Feb-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • cowbane  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • European water-hemlock  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • water-hemlock  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • northern water-hemlock   - English (Canada)
  • cicutaire du Nord   - French (Canada)
  • sprängört  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide F USSR; F Eur; Kingsbury, as Cicuta mackenziana; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Kamchatka, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Jammu and Kashmir]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (n.), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories (s.w.), Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (n.w.), Ontario (n.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan (n.), Alberta, Manitoba (n.), British Columbia (n.)]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 186-187.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  8. Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance. 1993. Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India
  9. Mukherjee, P. K. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. English common names
  10. Mulligan, G. A. 1980. The genus Cicuta in North America. Canad. J. Bot. 58:1760.
  11. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  12. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  13. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  14. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Cicuta virosa L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=404335. Accessed 17 October 2019.