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Taxon: Eutrema japonicum (Miq.) Koidz.

Genus: Eutrema
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Eutremeae
Nomen number: 404759
Place of publication: Fl. symb. orient.-asiat. 22. 1930
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Jul-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Japanese-horseradish  (Source: Econ Bot) - English
  • japanischer Meerrettich  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • wasabi  (Source: Econ Bot) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • gochunaengi  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Econ Bot 28:119. 1974; 47:113. 1993, as Wasabia japonica)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as Wasabia japonica; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Wasabia japonica)

Distributional Range:


    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Sakhalin]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea


    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan


    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan


  1. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. & S. I. Warwick. 2005. A synopsis of Eutrema (Brassicaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 10:129-135.
  2. Chadwick, C. I. et al. 1993. The botany, uses and production of Wasabia japonica (Miq.) Matsum. (Cruciferae). Econ. Bot. 47:114. Note: = Wasabia japonica (Miq.) Matsum.
  3. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  4. Haga, N. et al. 2019. Complete chloroplast genome sequence and phylogenetic analysis of wasabi (Eutrema japonicum) and its relatives. Sci. Rep. 9:14377, pages 1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-49667-z URL: www.nature.com/srep/
  5. Hao, G. et al. 2017. An integrative study of evolutionary diversification of Eutrema (Eutremeae, Brassicaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 184:204-223.
  6. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  7. Moon, J. S. et al. 2004. Development of upland cultivation for production of marketable rhizomes in Wasabia japonica Matsum.. Korean J. Medic. Crop Sci. 12:473-477. Note: = "Wasabia japonica Matsum."
  8. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). Note: = Wasabia japonica (Miq.) Matsum.
  9. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  10. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Eutrema wasabi Maxim.
  11. Yamane, K. et al. 2016. Genetic differentiation, molecular phylogenetic analysis, and ethnobotanical study of Eutrema japonicum and E. tenue in Japan and E. yunnanense in China. Hort. J. 85:46-54. DOI: doi: 10.2503/hortj.MI-065 Note: preceded by Journal of the Japanese Socity for Horticultural Science.

Check other web resources for Eutrema japonicum (Miq.) Koidz. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=404759. Accessed 10 August 2020.