Taxon: Papaver somniferum L.

 
Genus: Papaver
Section: Papaver
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Papaveroideae
Tribe: Papavereae
Nomen number: 406377
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:508. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 30-Aug-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Dec-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide AOSA Hb 25; Global Comp Weeds)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, [Crete (possibly)] Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  4. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  6. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  7. Grey-Wilson, C. Poppies: The poppy family in the wild and in cultivation. 1993 (Poppies) 169.
  8. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  9. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  10. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  11. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  12. Jonsell, B., ed. Flora nordica. (F Nordica)
  13. Kadereit, J. W. 1986. Papaver somniferum L. (Papaveraceae): a triploid hybrid? Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 106:221-244.
  14. Kadereit, J. W. 1986. A revision of Papaver L. sect. Papaver (Papaveraceae) Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 108:3-6.
  15. Kadereit, J. W. 2011. Review of Papaveraceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  16. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  18. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:113.
  20. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  21. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Randall, R. P. A global compendium of weeds. 2002 (Global Comp Weeds)
  25. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  27. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Papaver somniferum L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=406377. Accessed 25 May 2018.