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Taxon: Papaver somniferum L.

 
Genus: Papaver
Section: Papaver
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Papaveroideae
Tribe: Papavereae
Nomen number: 406377
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:508. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 30-Aug-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 125 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, [Crete (possibly)] Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Papaver+somniferum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  7. Grey-Wilson, C. 1993. Poppies: The poppy family in the wild and in cultivation 169.
  8. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  9. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  10. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  11. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  12. Jonsell, B., ed. 2000. Flora nordica. Note: introduced
  13. Kadereit, J. W. 1986. Papaver somniferum L. (Papaveraceae): a triploid hybrid?. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 106:221-244.
  14. Kadereit, J. W. 1986. A revision of Papaver L. sect. Papaver (Papaveraceae). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 108:3-6.
  15. Kadereit, J. W. 2011. Review of Papaveraceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm.
  16. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:113.
  20. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  21. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Randall, R. P. 2002. A global compendium of weeds
  25. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  27. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  29. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Papaver somniferum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=406377. Accessed 20 October 2019.